We do not intend to encroach the domain held firmly
by the pedagogue when we attempt to deal with, the 'in
spite of' aspect in politics—we are not dabbling in
any discussion about the grammatical problem. Our concern
is only to place before the public, a peculiar aspect
to be detected in the politics of today—we might even
call it puzzling. And unless we analyse the truth behind
this aspect, we are apt to get confused and even bewildered.
It is usual and logical to argue, because of such and
such reason or cause or factor, such and such a thing
has happened. That is understandable and ninety out
of a hundred would certainly view problems in that way
If it is stated, that because of increased production,
prices have come down, the lay man understands it quite
well. If it is pointed out that because of vast sums
of money sunk in new projects, there is all-round prosperity,
the ordinary or average man or woman, is able to understand
and even appreciate.
But, if one analyses the politics of today, one would
be dismayed to find that the term, 'because of' is not
used as much as the other term, 'in spite of'. Therein
lies the peculiarity in present day politics.
In spite of increased production, prices are rising
In spite of the fact that thousands of crores of rupees
have been spent, the unemployment situation has not
In spite of heavy and even crushing taxation, there
is deficit financing.
In spite of the best efforts, our export trade has not
In spite of frantic efforts, emotional integration has
not been achieved.
In spite of sonorous talks about the Socialistic pattern,
the growth of the power of the plutocrats has not been
checked or brought under control.
In spite of vigilance, corruption has not been rooted
In spite of our talks on peace and good-will and the
principle of co-existence, we are not prepared to cut
down the military expenditure to any appreciable degree.
In spite of colossal dams and irrigation projects, the
food front presents a dismal picture.
Of course, while the average man is naturally bewildered,
the rulers come forward with explanations and exhortations.
That but shows their anxiety to keep the people in good
spirits—nothing but that.
And to assume that their explanations have been accepted
by the people, and to conclude that the people have
been convinced and satisfied, is to commit a blunder
and the rulers persist in committing such blunders.
Till this kind of peculiarity in our politics is eliminated
or at least minimised, there is going to be no lasting
and satisfactory solution for the problems facing the
country. And to achieve that, the rulers should give
up the habit of relying on their ability to explain
away problems, cajoling critics, or beating them down
with the cudgel. That could but postpone the evil day.
But we find ministers at the Centre and the States,
relying on the art of hoodwinking the public and bludgeoning
the critic. They think that, by that process, they are
beating down the opposition and forget, that the malady
becomes more and more acute.
Assured of a road-roller majority, and armed with a
sympathetic press, they could afford to pooh-pooh the
opposition—but is it prudent to ignore the problems
as well? That is dangerous. Let them by all means enjoy
the delights they get by being the bravados, but let
them not imagine, that all is quiet on the people's
The moment some scheme of theirs is criticised, they
jump up to admonish.
If they are able to point out the untenability of the
criticism, they are serving democracy well. But that
is not what they do. They but brush aside the entire
criticism, by some sweeping statement or scathing attack,
or presenting sweet shibboleths.
This trend could be discerned, in all the speeches delivered
by those in power, at the Centre and the States.
In fact, the ministers of our State go to the length
of saying, that they are 'itching for contest', but
find the opposition, weak, uninformed, and ill-organised.
Such talk is sweet stuff for the party rally—none doubts—but
to indulge in such talks alone, without succeeding in
alleviating the distress of the masses, is dangerous.
"But our position is not at all dangerous, look
at the results of elections! We contest, we win!"—So
argue the top-men.
Who knows not the fact, that today the Congress party
is in possession of a powerful electioneering machinery,
built laboriously and at a great cost?
Who knows not the other important fact, that the vested
interests in all walks of life, support the Congress
during these elections, knowing full well that the Congress
is their last sheet anchor?
Who knows not the other factor also, that an impoverished
mass is apt to fall an easy and even willing prey, to
the silver scattered during the elections?
Who knows not the fact, that the Congress takes up the
role of a geisha, during election time, and ropes in
all and sundry, unmindful of the fact, that there is
no common bond between the new entrants and the Congress?
Who knows not, that on analysis of the list of Congress
candidates, anybody could point out, black-marketeers,
usurers, contractors, business magnates, and even ex-abkari
contractors? There are any number of Congress candidates,
who are donning on Khadi for the first time in their
life! There are still others, who find it easier to
hire the Congress for their purpose, rather than oppose
it at the polls. The Congress has decided to keep up
its position, by hook or crook. Unholy combinations,
ill-assorted groupings, and such other awkward arrangements
are made, just for registering a victory at the polls.
No party sure of its hold over the masses, would rush
forward to enjoy the embraces of the power-lusty lords!
As in the case of individuals, so in the case of institutions;
there is what is termed as 'chastity'. The Congress
presents with pleasure a long list of victories —here,
there, everywhere, we have won! —but in that long list,
how many are real, Congressmen and how many are 'market-stuff?'
And how many, are in their hour of victory not jubilant,
but care worn—the cost of victory has not been light.
And for how long are they going to keep the show going—day
after day it is becoming more and more difficult, and
The Congress today registers victory at the polls, in
much the same way, as the businessman clears the goods
from the godown, utilising the over-drafts! That cannot
be a permanent and fruitful arrangement.
And the Congress party and those who walk into its parlour
during election time, are going to get the bitter lesson,
for, the democratic forces are determined to fight the
Congress on all fronts, and at every step, till exhausted
and exposed, the Congress lays down its arms. But, for
that day to arrive, the leftist forces should function
undaunted, and unmindful of the odds against them. They
should go on educating the masses, perfecting the electioneering
They should not shirk the responsibility of championing
the cause of the people—even while the people falling
a prey to machinations and mercenaries, have not sided
the democratic forces. The task is tremendous, but imperative,
for, if a party aims at establishing its power, not
by presenting solid results but by mustering strength
during election times, democratic forces, should rush
up to check it; if not democracy itself would be debased
And it is with this object, that the D.M.K., puts up
a determined fight against the Congress on all fronts,
unmindful of consequences.
(Editorial - 15-03-1959)