அறிஞர் அண்ணாவின் கட்டுரைகள்

'Sun' Day in CEYLON
This is about the 'Sun' Day in Ceylon—or rather in the Ceylon Parliament—not that being pressed by very many problems Prime-Minister Bandaranaike finds it necessary to have the Parliamentary sittings even on Sundays!—this is 'Sun' Day, not Sunday! And now, note the difference please!

Mr. Suntharalingam, M.P. has created such a mighty stir in the Ceylon Parliament, at its present sitting, that many term this as the 'Sun' Day!!

Mr. Suntharalingam, M.P. has to be bodily removed from the Parliament - and then talen to the police station.

Mr. Suntharalingam as M.P. has got the privilege of sitting in the chambers of Parliament, taking part in the discussions, deliberations and debates, but instead he was made to spend his time in the police lock-up!

And Suntharalingam outside the Parliament eloquently exposed the state of affairs in Ceylon today—more eloquently perhaps than what he could have done from inside the chamber.

Democracy is a government by discussion. Any set of people having got into places of power and position—and there are ever so many ways of getting in—begin to take hold of the destinies of crores of human beings. None can guarantee that those in power, are the repository of wisdom, fairplay and justice—none can assert that the ruling party understands all the problems in all their angles—and hence it is, that through discussion a new light, a new interpretation could be got which will be to the advantage of the people as a whole. That's exactly why, even though China gas become Red, Mao says, "thousand flowers can blossom!"

But, the newer the democratic institution, the stronger is the feeling in the ruling party, that it alone represents the nation and the opposition exists merely for the sake of disturbance.

Hence it is that we find members of Legislature on the Opposite Bench are looked upon as necessary evils, looked down as men of lesser importance and they are totally ignored or are sparingly given the chance to take part in discussions.

The term 'catching the eye' of the Speaker, so often heard, strikes at the very root of democratic discussion—the member should not be left to the tender mercies of this theory—catching the eye of the speaker—it ought to be this way! The speaker's eye should be actively alert, in finding out, how many of the members, do consider their place there, as mere hobby—how many keep mum over all problems and on all occasions, and the Speaker would be contributing much to the growth of healthy and effective democracy if he pulls up the silent ones, the shy ones, the indifferents, the ineffectives, and shape out of them, useful Parliamentarians.

True, time will be lost—but if merely to save time, the freedom to express is stifled, what need is there for this big and costly show !!
Mr. Suntharalingam wanted two hours for discussing the problems that confront the country today. This may be too much. But a compromise could be arrived at, satisfactory to both—but instead a flat refusal seems to have been sent to the M.P.—that his request came too late was the reason advanced.

Parliament met—and all know, how inflamed the minds of the people today there, is!

There was a hot exchange of words. Mr. Suntharalingam M.P. was asked to clear out of the House—and on his refusal, he was bodily removed from the place—and he who came for taking part in the Parliamentary discussion, found himself placed inside a police lock-up.

We do not hold any brief for Mr. Suntharalingam—in fact this energetic M.P. needs none—but this incident appears to us to be symbolic of the lot and fate of the millions of Tamilians in Ceylon.

They are denied their rights and when they desire to discuss the problems confronting them they are locked up!!

We are not much worried over what happened to Suntharalingam M.P. In fact, the ruling party of Ceylon, has made itself the laughing stock; and has unwittingly helped this M.P. to gather his laurels—in fact it was not a Banda day—but a 'Sun' Day! We do not bemoan—but rejoice at the fact, that what can be gained by discussion, was got— even to a greater degree—by Mr.Suntharalingam by his stout refusal to be silenced!!

But, the Parliament is not the only forum, especially, when the problems facing the Tamilians there, are of a fundamental nature.

August is fast approaching! Day after day momentum is gathered—and the Prime Minister is so much scared that despite his tall talks, he is not prepared to face the Commonwealth Premiers' Conference—lest during some discussion inside or outside the Conference hall somebody might raise the issue! Time and Tide asks pertinently, "Is Mr.Bandaraniake so very different from Mr.Strijdom?"—No wonder Bandaranaike is not willing to visit London—a bit hot he feels.

Meanwhile, the Prime Minister is taking, we are informed, frantic efforts to 'stem the tide' as he terms, the peaceful August struggle!
Warnings are issued—preparations are afoot—and a hundred other methods that power-mongers usually find out are being pursued by Mr.Bandaranaike.

His "Ten Thousand" has already won for him contempt and condemnation from all quarters - Sinhalease, and Tamilian.

We are reminded of the classic instance of the Retreat of the Ten Thousand!

The worst that such a rabble can do, is to indulge in blood thirsty acts; but then the Tamilians dedicated for the purpose of safeguarding their legitimate rights, are prepared to shed their blood—for they know, freedom and liberty have to be paid for heavily, indeed!

What difference does it make—let the police baton and the Hooligan's knife, both have full play—the Tamilians are determined to stand the supreme test.

One other erratic effort of this enraged politician, is to ban the entry of the D.M.K. Leaders—thinking perhaps, that the D.M.K. is planning to 'invade' the island!

Some Sinhalese young men, are made to think in that way by the Banda regime. 'Did not Hitler din into the ears of the Nazi youths, that the West wog conspiring to annihilate Germany!

The D.M.K. refuses to sit silently, and with unconcern, when millions of Tamilians over there are being driven into the wilderness. How green is the Valley, how rich the products, and how hard the task that the Tamilians put in to make Ceylon, the Emerald Island—and how black are the deeds and how brutal are the words of the Banda Regime! To expect the D.M.K. to close its eyes, when there is grim tragedy in that island, is to expect the impossible. We offer our unstained sympathy and support and feel sorry that we are not strong enough to shoulder more responsibilities.

But, let not the Banda Regime, hunt after the country boats and Kattamarans, and search for bullets and bombs—he won't even find crackers—the August struggle the D.M.K. knows, is to be conducted in a peaceful, noble manner - and no violence is thought of.

The part that the D.M.K. is to play in this historic struggle —is not supplying men and money to those in Ceylon—but the other, and more important one, of rousing the Tamilians here, and asking them to shed their tears at least!

The D.M.K. is shocked at the indifference shown by Delhi, and the meek submission to this by the Congress ministry in this State—and while the August struggle is on, the D.M.K. will utilise its entire machinery to wake up the slumbering State Government and to condemn the Delhi Durbar which is very active when Distant Drums are heard, but snores when millions of Tamilians weep and wail.

The D.M.K. is to be the liaison, between the Ceylon Tamils and the Tamilians here—nothing more and nothing less.

In fact the D.M.K. has got every right to demand an explanation from the State Government here—why it is so callous when millions of Tamilians over there are treated as chattels and churls! Has the State Government lost all sense of justice, and humanity? If so, why should it stick on to office, leech-like?

The D.M.K. has got a mission to shoulder—and the Banda Regime cannot possibly, ban this! The D.M.K. leaders are not to be allowed to set foot on Ceylon—so they threaten! We are not surprised—nor do we plead for a permission to enter—the Tamilians there know their role and are capable of playing it with nobility, restraint and with what we Tamilians call as Pan - Padu —(highest form of culture).

Meanwhile, we find, 'Sun' Days—and such spectacles do but show, that any amount of action and any kind of action find themselves palatable because of the dictatorial methods followed by a decaying regime.